Europa Experts EUROPA EXPERTS  Candidate countries Have applied to join the European Union and application has been accepted, yet did not join the European Union This status currently applies to Croatia, Turkey and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. Transition Facility Temporary financial assistance instrument ( 2004-2006) for the new Member States to develop and strengthen their administrative capacity to implement and enforce Community legislation and foster exchange of best practice among peers. ISPA - PHARE - SAPARD The three pre-accession instruments. Monitoring & Assessment The process of gathering data on project progress, assessing the likelihood of objectives being met, and recommending changes in approach if necessary.